Tuesday, February 19, 2013

U.S. Pork, Beef Laced with Drug Banned in Europe, China, Russia

American beef, pork, and turkeys are now considered sub-standard in more than 100 countries because the U.S. government allows meat processors to add ractopamine, a growth-hormone drug, into feed for cattle, pigs, and turkeys bound for food sales. 

Last week, Russia joined the ranks of countries greatly restricting (or entirely banning) U.S. beef and pork imports as too tainted with drugs for human health.

Just imagine... the home-grown meat we eat in the United States is thought too dangerous for Russian consumption. Russia warned the USDA two months ago, but drug-laced U.S. meat continued.  Sergei Dankvert, Russian chief of food safety, then announced and informed the USDA that...

"Since the violations continue and we are finding ractopamine in meat shipments from the U.S., we plan starting February 11 to impose restrictions on the import of this product."  
What Is Ractopamine?  
Ractopamine is/was....

A drug fed in the final weeks before slaughter to "improve the rate at which the animals convert feed to lean muscle" rather than fat. Since industrial factory-farmed animals are usually excessively fat due to lack of exercise, ractopamine is used to generate more lean meat.

Manufactured by a division of Eli Lilly and CompanyElanco. Lilly is a massive, U.S.-based pharmaceutical corporation with 2011 global sales of $24.3 billion. Other Eli Lilly products include Prozac, Methadone, and Cialis.  (Since 2000, the Eli Lilly PAC has given more than $10 million to U.S. politicians: about 60% to Republicans, 40% to Democrats.)

Classified as harmful to human health by the European Union, China, Russia, Taiwan, and 97 other countries.  As a result, ractopamine use is banned in these countries and regions. (Click here for list of Adverse effects of ractopamine.)

Approved in 1999 by the USDA "based solely on research data provided by Elanco, the drug's manufacturer."  Further, 
"...a detailed evaluation of the study by European food safety officials in 2009 revealed that 'Only one human study was used in the safety assessment by Elanco, and among the six healthy young men who participated, one was removed because his heart began racing and pounding abnormally.'" (Sources -  Huffington Post article by Andrew Gunther, and NBC Business News article, Dispute over drug in feed limiting US meat exports)
Claimed by the USDA to be "safe" for human consumption when ractopamine residue remaining in meat is below certain limits set by the USDA, a level considered unacceptably high by the EU, China, Russia, and the United Nations body for global food-safety.

However,  Food Safety News reports, "The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service does very limited testing for the drug..." 

In 2010, the U.S. tested for ractopamine residue in none of the 22 billion pounds of pork produced.  Only 712 samples were tested from 26 billion pounds of beef produced in 2010. Per NBC News, results of these tests were not publicly released. 

Harmful to the health of pigs and other animals. NBC News reported in early 2012:
"Although few Americans outside of the livestock industry have ever heard of ractopamine, the feed additive is controversial. Fed to an estimated 60 to 80 percent of pigs in the United States, it has resulted in more reports of sickened or dead pigs than any other livestock drug on the market, an investigation of Food and Drug Administration records shows...
"Ractopamine leaves animals' bodies quickly, with pig studies showing about 85 percent excreted within a day. But low levels of residues can still be detected in animals more than a week after they've consumed the drug... 
"When Elanco studied the drug in pigs for its effectiveness, it reported that 'no adverse effects were observed for any treatments.' But within a few years of... approval, the company received hundreds of reports of sickened pigs from farmers and veterinarians..." 
NBC News noted that Elanco received a 2002 warning letter from the FDA (part of U.S. Health and Human Services, unlike the USDA):

"The company also received a warning letter from the FDA that year for failing to disclose all data about the safety and effectiveness of the drug:
'Since the drug was introduced, more than 218,000 pigs taking ractopamine were reported to have suffered adverse effects, as of March 2011, according to a review of FDA records. The drug has triggered more adverse reports in pigs than any other animal drug on the market. Pigs suffered from hyperactivity, trembling, broken limbs, inability to walk and death, according to FDA reports released under a Freedom of Information Act requestThe FDA, however, says such data do not establish that the drug caused these effects.'"
What Can You Do to Avoid Eating Drug-Laced U.S. Meat? 

Various food safety and animal rights groups filed a formal petition in late 2012 to force the FDA to ratchet down its acceptable level of ractopamine residue in U.S. meats.

While this petition winds it way through the bureaucratic thicket, I know of only two options to protect you and your loved ones from eating ractopamine-tainted meat.

Buy from retailers that purposely avoid ractopamine-tainted meats. Chipotle is the sole national restaurant chain that I know of that presently uses only ractopamine-free meats. 

Whole Foods markets sell ractopamine-free meats, as do many high-quality meat retailers as Niman Ranch. Ask your neighborhood butcher if he/she sells ractopamine-free pork, beef, and turkeys. 

Reduce or eliminate pork, beef, and turkey from your diet. Pescatarians, such as the late Steve Jobs, consume only fish plus vegetarian fare, for this very reason. Flexitarians, aka semi-vegetarians, eat a mostly vegetarian diet, but occasionally enjoy meat.  And, of course, vegetarians and vegans are safe from the threat of ractopamine  drugs. 

Complain!  Complain bitterly to Congress and the White House, both which are trying to bully other countries and the United Nations into establishing higher official levels of acceptability for ractopamine residue in  meats.

Complain to markets, butchers, and restaurants that you want to buy meats untainted by ractopamine drugs.  

Educate family, friends, and neighbors about the state of U.S. meats: we are consuming the world's leftovers, meats rejected as unhealthy and contaminated by 100 other countries. 

I beseech you: protect your health and that of your loved ones. Avoid drug-tainted meats that are banned around the world.  And take action to force the federal government to place human health before profits and political contributions.

1 comment:

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